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Who Discovered Polio?

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Polio is a highly infectious disease and it is lethal because it is a deadly condition. For the most part, polio is brought about by the poliovirus and there are certain factors, which can increase the risk of contacting the disease. These include tonsillectomy, malnutrition, and immune deficiency.

Jakob Heine, Karl Oskar Medin and Otto Ivar WickmanImportant people in the discovery of Polio. Both, Jakob Heine and Karl Oskar Medin wrote about the same disease but it was Otto Ivar Wickman who discovered the connection.

Jakob Heine

Most people may know or heard about polio, but do they really know who discovered it? Jakob Heine, who was a German orthopedist, is renowned for his study of poliomyelitis in 1840. His findings was the first medical account on polio and was granted acknowledgment as a clinical entity. He was largely acknowledged for explaining the disease as infantile paralysis.

Karl Oskar Medin

In 1890, Karl Oskar Medin distinguished and diagnosed, thus explaining polio as an acute infection. Swedish physician, Otto Ivar Wickman made a finding concerning the infectious and contagious nature of polio and published his hypothesis on the disease in Germany.

Originally called Heine-Medin disease

He was influential in giving the disease it’s original name, which was the Heine-Medin disease. He came to this conclusion after finding that the works of Heine and Medin was referring to the same disease. Austrian physician Karl Landsteiner along with Erwin Popper discovered the poliovirus in 1909.