Who Discovered Hemophilia?
Hemophilia or haemophilia was not discovered by a single person or individual. In fact, a number of physicians throughout history took part in the process of discovering hemophilia. It was first mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud from the 2nd century. Rabbi Judah haNasi, the redactor of the Jewish tradition Mishneh, first recorded the complication of prolonged bleeding and its relationship with maternal inherited diseases.
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi was the first to describe the disease and Dr. John Conrad Otto provided genetic explanation on the disease.
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, a renowned Arab physician was the first medical person to describe the disease. In the tenth century, he made an observation of a family where some of the male members had bled to death because of some minor traumas. There have been other records of such diseases as well but they were merely the descriptions and there were no credible evidence.
The scientific analysis began in the early 19th century. Dr. John Conrad Otto, an American physician, identified a genetic hemorrhagic disease in 1803 in one of his paper. He conducted a research to identify the original bearer of the disease as a woman from 1720. In his paper, he also explored the possibility of X-linked genetic disorder. In 1813, John Hay published an article in The New England Journal of Medicine where he discussed how the affected male could pass the disorder to the unaffected daughters.
Discovery of the anti-hemophilic globulin
In 1828, a student of the University of Zurich, Friedrich Hopff, described the condition of the disease as “haemorrhaphilia”. The word was later changed to Hemophilia. Later, anti-hemophilic globulin was first discovered by two American doctors from Harvard, Patek and Taylor. Another physician from Buenos Aires, Pavlosky, identified Hemophilia A and Hemophilia B as two separate disease.
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