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Who Discovered Diabetes?

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It is not known exactly who discovered diabetes although it has been around for quite a long time now and people from the middle ages have been aware of it. Evidences suggest that there were accounts of diabetes dating back to the Egyptian empire in 1500 B.C. Among ancient civilizations of Greece, Rome and China, all of whom were aware of the disease centuries ago, it was the Egyptians who were aware of it earlier than anyone else.

Aretaeus of Cappadocia and Thomas WillisAretaeus of Cappadocia coined the term diabetes and Thomas Willis, a doctor, coined the term diabetes mellitus.

The sweet urine disease

There were various descriptions of the disease and one of the most common was the sweet effect in the urine of a diabetic patient. In the middle ages, doctors called the disease as the “sweet urine disease”. An ancient Greek physician by the name of Aretaeus of Cappadocia coined the term “diabetes” sometime around the 1600 B.C. and Thomas Willis, an English doctor, coined the term “mellitus” in 1675.

Oskar Minkowski and Joseph Von Mering

German scientist Oskar Minkowski and German physician Joseph Von Mering were successful in describing the relation between pancreas and diabetes and back then, diabetes was considered a death sentence.

The miracle drug

There are three categories of diabetes, which are gestational diabetes, type-1 diabetes and type-2 diabetes. Women are more prone to get the disease even if there is no history of diabetes in the family because of the naturally, high level of sugar in their bodies. The second type of diabetes has to do with the body’s inability to produce insulin naturally while the resistant to insulin in the body can result to the third type of the disease. In 1921, a miracle drug, insulin, was discovered and this changed the way the disease was treated. It is no longer regarded as a death sentence but a manageable disease.

More on diabetes

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