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Who Discovered Albinism?

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Albinism was discovered by Sir Archibald Edward Garrod, an English scientist and physician. He was born on November 25th, 1857 in London, England. His father was Sir Alfred Baring Garrod, a physician serving at King’s College Hospital. Sir Alfred Baring Garrod was a renowned physician himself and discovered abnormal uric acid metabolism related to the gout disease.

Sir Archibald Edward GarrodSir Archibald Edward Garrod had 3 sons. Two died in the first World War and his third son died during the great Spanish Flu pandemic.

Education background

Edward Garrod attended Marlborough and Christ Church, University of Oxford. In 1880, he graduated in Natural Science with an honors degree. He was trained at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. He attended Allgemeines Krankenhaus in Vienna for his post-graduate studies. He archived his BM and MA from Oxford in 1885. After that, he became a member of Royal College of Physicians.

His career

He served as the attending doctor at various hospitals in London for over twenty years including West London Hospital, Marylebone General Dispensary, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Alexandra Hospital for Children with Hip Disease and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. He published numerous works on various diseases and related topics. Some of his most notable works were “A Treatise on Rheumatism and Rheumatoid Arthritis” and “An Introduction to the Use of the Laryngoscope”.

His interest was on metabolism

He was very interested in chemical pathology and researched on Alkaptonuria and Inborn Errors of Metabolism. His studies of metabolism influenced him to research on metabolic studies including cystinuria, pentosuria, and later albinism. Because of his contribution to the modern medical science, he received numerous honors, honorary degree and fellowship from England and all over the world. He died on March 28th, 1936 in Cambridge, England.