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Who Discovered ADHD?

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The first scientist and physician to mention Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was Sir Alexander Crichton, a Scottish scientist. He was born on December 2nd, 1763 in Newington, Edinburgh and had an M.D. from Leyden, Holland. He studied and practiced medicine at Stuttgart, Paris, Halle and Vienna.

Sir Alexander CrichtonOne of Sir Alexander Crichton’s interest other than medicine was on rocks and minerals. He had an extensive collection from years of travel and was a member of the Royal Geographical Society.

His background

He became a member of the MRCB (Membership of The Royal College) and later became a physician at the Westminster Hospital. He was also a member of Royal College of Physicians, a fellow at the Royal Society of London and a member of the Royal Geographical Society. He also served as the personal physician to the Russia emperor and received several Russian honors. He wrote several books on medical science and geological topics.

Mental restlessness

In 1798, he published a medical work called “An inquiry into the nature and origin of mental derangement: comprehending a concise system of the physiology and pathology of the human mind and a history of the passions and their effects” where he mentioned about ADHD. He was the first person to ever mention about the topic. He didn’t cover all the topic of ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder though, only the hyperactivity parts. He described the term as “mental restlessness”. Alexander Crichton died on June 4th, 1856 in The Groves.

Sir George Frederic Still

Later, Sir George Frederic Still, an English physician and pediatrician described more precisely the symptoms of ADHD. He was born on February 27th, 1868. Along with ADHD, he also contributed to the discovery of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, which is generally known as Still’s disease. He is called the “Father of British pediatrics” due to his contribution to the British medical field.